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International Shipping Terminologies - B
Backhaul: To haul a shipment back over part of a route it has travelled.
BAF: Bunker Adjustment Factor, used to compensate steamship lines for fluctuating fuel costs. Also called FAF, Fuel Adjustment factor.
Balloon Freight: Light, bulky articles.
Bank Guarantee: Guarantee issued by a bank to a carrier to be used in lieu of lost or misplaced original negotiable bill of lading.
Barrel (BBL): A term of measure referring to 42 gallons of liquid at 60F.
Base Rate: A tariff term referring to ocean rate less accessorial charges or base tariff rate.
BCO: Beneficial Cargo Owner, referring to the importer of record, who physically take possession of cargo at destination and does not act as a third party in the movement of such goods.
Beam: The width of a ship.
Belt Line: A switching railroad within a commercial area.
Berth Term: Shipped under rate that does not include cost of loading or unloading.
Bill of Lading (B/L): A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company that moves freight between specified ports for a specified charge. Usually prepared by the shipper on forms issued by the carrier, it serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage and a receipt for goods. There are different types of B/Ls:
Bill of Sale: Confirms the transfer of ownership of certain goods to another person in return for money paid or loaned.
Bill to Party: Customer designated as party paying for services.
Billed Weight: The weight shown in a waybill and freight bill.
Blanket Bond: A bond covering a group of persons, articles or properties.
Blanket Rates: A rate applicable to or from a group of points. A special rate applicable to several different articles in a single shipment.
Blanket Waybill: A waybill covering two or more consignments of freight.
Blind Shipment: Bill of lading wherein the paying customer has contracted with the carrier and the shipper or consignee information is not given.
Block Stowage: Stowing cargo destined for a specific location close together to avoid unnecessary movement.
Blocking/Bracing: Wood or metal supports (dunnage) to keep shipments in place to prevent cargo shifting.
Bls: Abbreviation for bales.
Board: Gain access to a vessel.
Board Feet: Unit of measurement for lumber; one board foot is equal to a one-inch board, 12 wide and 1 long.
Bobtail: Movement of a tractor, without trailer over the highway.
Bogie: A set of wheels built specifically as rear wheels under a container.
Bolster: A device fitted on a chassis or rail car to hold and secure the container.
Bond Port: Port of initial Customs entry of a vessel to any country (First Port of Call).
Bonded Freight: Freight moving under a bond to U.S. Customs or to the Internal Revenue Service, and to be delivered only under stated conditions.
Bonded Warehouse: Warehouse approved by the U.S. Treasury Department and under bond or guarantee of compliance with revenue laws. Goods held until duties are paid are normally stored in a bonded warehouse.
Booking: Arrangements with a carrier, often a steamship or airline, for the acceptance and carriage of passengers or freight.
Booking Number: Reservation number used to secure equipment and act as a control number prior to completion of a bill of lading.
Bottom Air Delivery: A type of air circulation in a temperature control container. Air is pulled by a fan from the top of the container, passed through the evaporator coil for cooling and then forced through the space under the load and up through the cargo. This type of airflow provides even temperatures.
Bottom Side Rails: Structural members on the longitudinal sides of the base of the container.
Bow: The front of a vessel.
Box: Common term for an ocean going freight container.
Box Car: A closed rail freight car.
Breakbulk: Palletized packaged goods that are not containerized. To unload and distribute a portion or all of the contents of a rail car, container or trailer.
Broken Stowage: The loss of space cause by irregularity in the shape of packages. Any void or empty space in a container not occupied by cargo.
Broker: A person/organization who arranges for transportation of multiple loads for a percentage of the revenue.
Brokerage: Freight forwarder/broker compensation as specified by ocean tariff.
Bulk Freight: Goods that are shipped loose not in packages or containers (i.e. grain, coal, sulfur).
Bulk Freight Container: Refers to a container with a discharge hatch in the front wall; allows bulk commodities to be grasped by loading hatches.
Bulkhead: A partition separating one part of a ship, freight car, aircraft or truck from another part. A structure to resist water.
Bull Rings: Cargo-securing devices mounted in a floor of containers that allow lashing and securing of cargo.
Bunker charge: An extra charge added to an ocean carriers freight rates. Also known as FAF (Fuel Adjustment Factor).
Bunkers: A maritime term referring to fuel used aboard the
ship. In the past, coal stowage areas aboard a vessel were in bins or