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International Shipping Terminologies - S




Schedule B: The statistical classification of Domestic and Foreign Commodities Exported from the United States.

See-Bee Vessels:
Ocean vessels constructed with heavy-duty submersible hydraulic lift or elevator system at the stern of the vessel. The Sea-Bee system facilitates forward transfer and positioning of barges. Sea-Bee barges are larger than LASH barges.

SED:
US Commerce Department document, "Shipper's Export Declaration."

Service:
A string of vessels which make a particular voyage and serves a particular market.

Service Contract:
As provided in the Shipping Act of 1984, a contract between a shipper (or a shipper's associations) and an ocean common carrier (of conference) in which the shipper makes a commitment to provide a certain minimum quantity of cargo or freight revenue over a fixed time period, and the ocean common carrier or conference commits to a certain rate or rate schedule as well as a defined service level (such as assured space, transit time, port rotation or similar service features). The contract may also specify provisions in the event of nonperformance on the part of either party.

Ship:
A large vessel able to navigate large bodies of water and designed to carry passengers and/or cargo. Broadly speaking, a ship cannot fit on a boat.

Ship Chandler:
An individual or company selling equipment and supplies for ships.

Ship Demurrage:
A charge for delaying a steamer beyond a stipulated period.

Ship's Bells:
Time measure onboard ship. One bell sounds for each half hour. One bell means 12:30. Two bells mean 1:00. Three bells mean 1:30 and so on, until 4:00 (eight bells). At 4:30, the cycle begins again with one bell.

Ship's Manifest:
A statement listing the particulars of all shipments loaded to one shipment for a specified voyage.

Ship's Tackle:
All rigging, etc. utilized on a ship to load or unload cargo.

Shipment:
The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper at one location to one consignee, at one destination, on one bill of lading.

Shipper:
The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner of commodities shipper. Also called, consignor.

Shipper's Association:
A non-profit entity that represents the interests of a number of shippers. The main focus of shippers associations is to pool the cargo volumes of members to leverage the most favorable service contract rate levels.

Shipping Act of 1916:
The act of Congress (1916) that created the U.S. Shipping Board to develop water transportation, operate the merchant ships owned by the government and regulate the water carriers engaged in commerce under the flag of the United States. As of June 18, 1984, applies only to domestic offshore ocean transport.

Shipping Act of 1984:
Effective June 18, 1984, describes the law covering water transportation in the U.S. foreign trade.

Shipper's Export Declaration (SED, "Ex Dec"):
A joint Bureau of Census International Trade Administration form used for compiling US export control laws. It is completed by a shipper and shows the value, weight, destination, etc. of export shipments as well as Schedule B commodity code.

Shipper's Instructions:
Shipper's communications (s) to its agent and/or directly to the international water-carrier. Instructions may be varied, for example, specific details/clauses to be printed on the bill of lading, directions for pick-up and delivery.

Shipper's Load & Count (SL&C):
Shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not checked or verifiedby the carriers.

Shipping Order:
Shipper's instructions to carrier for forwarding goods; usually the triplicate copy of the bill of lading.

Ships:
Barge Carriers: Ships designed to carry barges. Some are fitted to act as full container ships and can carry a varying number of barges and containers at the same time. At present, this class includes two types of vessels, LASH and Sea-Bee.

Bulk Carriers:
All vessels designed to carry dry bulk cargo, as well as carriers with bulk cargoes such as grain, ore and oil.

Combination Passenger and Cargo Ships:
Ships with a capacity for
13 or more passengers.

Freighters:
Breakbulk vessels both refrigerated and unrefrigerated, containerships, partial containerships, roll-on/roll-off
vessels, and barge carriers.

Full Containerships:
Ships equipped with permanent container cells, with little or no space for other types of cargo.

General Cargo Carriers:
Breakbulk freighters, car carriers, cattle carriers, pallet carriers and timber carriers.

Partial Containerships:
Multipurpose containerships where one or more but not all compartments are fitted with permanent container cells. Remaining compartments are used for other types of cargo.

Roll-on/Roll-off vessels:
Ships custom built to carry wheeled containers or trailers using interior ramps.

Tankers:
Ships fitted with tanks to carry liquid cargo such as crude petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, liquified gasses (LNG & LPG), wine, molasses and similar product tanke
Shore: A prop or support placed against or beneath anything to prevent sinking or sagging.

Short Ton (ST):
2,000 lbs.

Side Loader:
A lift truck fitted with lifting attachments operating to one side for handling containers.

Side-Door Container: A container fitted with a rear door and a minimum of one side door.

Skids:
Battens, or a series of parallel runners, fitted beneath boxes or packages to raise them clear of the floor to permit easy access of forklift blades or other handling equipment.

Sleepers:
Loaded containers moving within the railroad system that are not clearly identified on any internally generated reports.

Spine Car:
An articulated five-platform railcar. Used where height and weight restrictions limit the use of stack cars. It holds five, forty-foot containers or combinations of forty and twenty-foot containers.

Spotting:
Placing a container where required to be loaded or unloaded.

Spreader: A piece of equipment designed to lift containers by their corner castings.

Stability:
The force that holds a vessel upright or returns it to upright if keeled over. Weight in the lower hold to increase stability. A vessel is stiff if it has high stability, tender if it has low stability.

Stack Car:
An articulated five-platform rail car that allows containers to be doubled stacked. A typical stack car holds ten, forty-foot equivalent units (FEUs).

Stacktrain:
A rail service whereby rail cars carry containers stacked two-high on specially-operated unit trains. Each train includes up to 35 articulated multiplatform cars. Each car is comprised of multiplatform cars. Each car is comprised of five, well-type platforms upon which containers can be stacked. No chassis accompany containers.

Standard Industrial Classification (SIC):
A standard numerical code used by the US government to classify products and services.

Standard International Trade Classification (SITC):
A standard numeric code developed by the United Nations to classify commodities used in international trader, based on a hierarchy.

Starboard:
The right side of a ship when facing the bow.

Steamship conference:
A group of vessel operators joined together for the purpose of establishing freight rates.

Steamship Guarantee:
An indemnity issued to the carrier by a bank. It protects the carrier against any possible losses or damages arising from the release of the merchandise to the receiving party. This instrument is usually issued when the bill of lading is lost or is not available.

Steamship line:
A company that owns and/or operates vessels in maritime trade.

Stern:
The end of a vessel. Opposite of bow.

Stevedore:
Individual or firm that handles cargo discharged from or loaded onto a freight carrying vessel.

Store-Door Delivery:
Delivery of goods to consignee's place of business or warehouse by motor vehicle. Refers to a complete package of delivery services performed by a carrier from origin to final consumption point, whether that be a retail, wholesale or other final distribution facility.

Store-Door Pick-up:
Picking up a container from a carrier, delivering it to a merchant and returning the empty container; the portion of store-door delivery performed by the carrier's trucker.

Stowage:
A marine term referring to loading freight into ships' holds.

Straddle Carrier:
Mobile truck equipment with the capacity for lifting a container within its own framework.

Stripping:
The unloading of a container.

Stuffing:
The loading of a container.

Subrogate:
To put in place of another, for example, when an insurance company pays a claim, it is placed in the same position as the payee with regard to any rights against others.

Sufferance Wharf:
A wharf licensed and attended by Customs authorities.

Surcharge:
An extra or additional charge.

Surtax:
An additional extra tax.



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